Genomic Profile of Breast Cancer: Cost-effectiveness Analysis from the Spanish National Healthcare System Perspective

Publication Name: Expert Review of Pharmacoeconmics & Outcomes Research

Author(s): Miguel Ángel Seguí, Carlos Crespo, Javier Cortés, Ana Lluch, Max Brosa, Virginia Becerra, Sebastián Matias Chiavenna, and Alfredo Gracia

Background: Cost–effectiveness analysis of MammaPrint® (70-gene signature) in the diagnosis of early breast cancer as a prognosis assay to study the risk of tumor recurrence to administer adjuvant chemotherapy. Methods: Markov model assuming a cohort of 60-year-old women with breast cancer. Treatment costs and effects were assessed by comparing the 5-year, 10-year and lifetime risk of recurrence using Adjuvant! Online® (online algorithm), 70-gene signature or Oncotype DX® (21-gene assay). Results: 70-gene signature showed a life expectancy of 23.55 years at lifetime. Life expectancy was lower for 21-gene assay and online algorithm, with associated quality-adjusted life year gains up to 0.23 and 0.75, respectively, with 70-gene signature. At year 5, the mean cost of 21-gene assay, 70-gene signature and online algorithm was €7100, €6380 and €4580, respectively. 70-gene signature was dominant versus 21-gene assay at any time horizon and would be cost–effective from year 7 versus online algorithm (lifetime: €1457 per quality-adjusted life years gained). Conclusions: 70-gene signature was a dominant strategy over 21-gene assay and was highly cost–effective versus online algorithm.
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